Your Eyes are Your Greatest Asset
What is Glaucoma?
What Causes Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is an eye disease, usually but not always associated with abnormally high eye pressure, that gradually and irreversibly damages the optic nerve. Glaucomatous nerve damage is experienced as a slowly progressive blindness that starts peripherally and which, if untreated, eventually leads to complete blindness. There are many different kinds of glaucoma, including primary open-angle glaucoma (the most common form), angle-closure glaucoma, narrow-angle glaucoma and congenital glaucoma.
While glaucoma can develop in younger patients, it occurs more frequently as we get older. Glaucoma tends to run in families. For some patients, the tendency to develop glaucoma is inherited. However, just because someone in your family has glaucoma it does not mean that you will necessarily develop the disease. High intraocular pressure (IOP) is the most important risk factor for glaucomatous damage generally affecting people over the age of 40.
In addition to individuals over 40 who may be at risk, people of African and South American descent have a greater tendency for developing primary open-angle glaucoma than do people of other races. Asians are more prone to develop angle-closure glaucoma and normal-tension glaucoma. People who also suffer from the following conditions are particularly susceptible